Plumbing fittings have two types – male threaded and female threaded. Male threaded fittings have two threads on the outside while female threaded fittings have one thread on the inside. Male threaded fittings have two different types, including compression and flare, with the latter used to connect two pieces of pipe. These types of fittings are easy to install and ensure that the connection is leak-proof and safe. This type of fitting is used in power generation, oil and gas, and food processing industries.
Nipples are short pieces of pipe used to join two other fittings. These fittings are male-threaded, while close nipples have continuous uninterrupted threading. Nipples are frequently used with plumbing and hoses. Nipples are available in a variety of sizes and shapes. Here are some types of plumbing fittings and their applications:
Pipe-union fittings are essential plumbing fixtures for a variety of applications. They provide a secure connection between pipes. Unlike other types of pipes, threaded pipe requires pipe-union fittings that are strategically located in the system. Pipe-union fittings are used in most threaded pipe systems. To install them, plumbers must install two pipe-union fittings. However, this process is very labor-intensive and requires proper planning and skill.
Pipe-to-pipe fittings are often made of different materials, including steel, PVC, CPVC, ABS, and copper. Regardless of the material, they must be compatible with other components of the system, as well as with the fluids they contain. Some pipe-to-pipe systems use brass and bronze fittings. Copper pipe fittings are common for many reasons, including fire, earthquake, and mechanical toughness. Furthermore, copper plumbing fittings can be theft-resistant.
Tee-type fittings are another common type of plumbing fitting. They have one inlet and two outlets at an angle of 90 degrees to the main line connection. They can also combine the flow from two inlets. They are available in various lengths and materials, and have various names. One common type is the Equal tee. These are commonly used as drain access points. A 45-degree branch line will maintain smooth flow. So, it is vital to understand plumbing fittings before buying them.
Elbow and Reducer fittings are the most common types of elbow fittings. Their name is derived from the shape they resemble. They change the direction of flow and regulate the flow of liquid. They come in a variety of sizes and have sizing standards. Most elbows are female, while others have male or female ends. An elbow fitting is usually made of metal or rubber. It is also important to note that there are different types of elbow fittings.
Wye and tee fittings are two types of tees that allow pipes to change elevation. These fittings are often used to connect vertical drain pipes to horizontal supply lines. The angled inlets of these pipes allow water to flow more gently. Y-shaped fittings are similar to plugs, but are made of rubber or plastic. Some manufacturers also make specialized wyes. They’re used in pressurized hydronic heating systems and divert some of the water into a side branch for heat exchange.